29.6. Troubleshooting with the serial console

29.6. Troubleshooting with the serial console

The serial console is helpful in troubleshooting difficult problems. If the Virtualization kernel crashes and the hypervisor generates an error, there is no way to track the error on a local host. However, the serial console allows you to capture it on a remote host. You must configure the host to output data to the serial console. Then you must configure the remote host to capture the data. To do this, you must modify these options in the grub.conf file to enable a 38400-bps serial console on com1/dev/ttyS0:

title Red Hat Enterprise Linux (2.6.18-8.2080_RHEL5xen0)
		root (hd0,2)
		kernel /xen.gz-2.6.18-8.el5 com1=38400,8n1 
		module /vmlinuz-2.618-8.el5xen ro root=LABEL=/rhgb quiet console=xvc console=tty xencons=xvc 	
        	module /initrd-2.6.18-8.el5xen.img

The sync_console can help determine a problem that causes hangs with asynchronous hypervisor console output, and the "pnpacpi=off" works around a problem that breaks input on the serial console. The parameters "console=ttyS0" and "console=tty" means that kernel errors get logged with on both the normal VGA console and on the serial console. Then you can install and set up ttywatch to capture the data on a remote host connected by a standard null-modem cable. For example, on the remote host you could type:

Itanium serial console troubleshooting

To access the hypervisor via a serial console on the Itanium® architecture you must enable the console in ELILO. For more information on configuring ELILO, refer to Chapter 24, Configuring ELILO.

ttywatch --name myhost --port /dev/ttyS0

This pipes the output from /dev/ttyS0 into the file /var/log/ttywatch/myhost.log .


Note: This documentation is provided {and copyrighted} by Red Hat®, Inc. and is released via the Open Publication License. The copyright holder has added the further requirement that Distribution of substantively modified versions of this document is prohibited without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. The CentOS project redistributes these original works (in their unmodified form) as a reference for CentOS-5 because CentOS-5 is built from publicly available, open source SRPMS. The documentation is unmodified to be compliant with upstream distribution policy. Neither CentOS-5 nor the CentOS Project are in any way affiliated with or sponsored by Red Hat®, Inc.