3.2. Ignoring Local Disks when Generating Multipath Devices

3.2. Ignoring Local Disks when Generating Multipath Devices

Some machines have local SCSI cards for their internal disks. DM-Multipath is not recommended for these devices. The following procedure shows how to modify the multipath configuration file to ignore the local disks when configuring multipath.

  1. Determine which disks are the internal disks and mark them as the ones to blacklist.

    In this example, /dev/sda is the internal disk. Note that as originally configured in the default multipath configuration file, executing the multipath -v2 shows the local disk, /dev/sda, in the multipath map.

    For further information on the multipath command output, see Section 5.1, “Multipath Command Output”.

    [root@rh4cluster1 ~]# multipath -v2
    create: SIBM-ESXSST336732LC____F3ET0EP0Q000072428BX1
    [size=33 GB][features="0"][hwhandler="0"]
    \_ round-robin 0 
      \_ 0:0:0:0 sda  8:0    [--------- 
    
    device-mapper ioctl cmd 9 failed: Invalid argument
    device-mapper ioctl cmd 14 failed: No such device or address
    create: 3600a0b80001327d80000006d43621677
    [size=12 GB][features="0"][hwhandler="0"]
    \_ round-robin 0 
      \_ 2:0:0:0 sdb  8:16    
      \_ 3:0:0:0 sdf  8:80    
    
    create: 3600a0b80001327510000009a436215ec
    [size=12 GB][features="0"][hwhandler="0"]
    \_ round-robin 0 
      \_ 2:0:0:1 sdc  8:32    
      \_ 3:0:0:1 sdg  8:96    
    
    create: 3600a0b80001327d800000070436216b3
    [size=12 GB][features="0"][hwhandler="0"]
    \_ round-robin 0 
      \_ 2:0:0:2 sdd  8:48    
      \_ 3:0:0:2 sdh  8:112   
    
    create: 3600a0b80001327510000009b4362163e
    [size=12 GB][features="0"][hwhandler="0"]
    \_ round-robin 0 
      \_ 2:0:0:3 sde  8:64    
      \_ 3:0:0:3 sdi  8:128
    
  2. In order to prevent the device mapper from mapping /dev/sda in its multipath maps, edit the blacklist section of the /etc/multipath.conf file to include this device. Although you could blacklist the sda device using a devnode type, that would not be safe procedure since /dev/sda is not guaranteed to be the same on reboot. To blacklist individual devices, you can blacklist using the WWID of that device.

    Note that in the output to the multipath -vs command, the WWID of the /dev/sda device is SIBM-ESXSST336732LC____F3ET0EP0Q000072428BX1. To blacklist this device, include the following in the /etc/multipath.conf file.

    blacklist {
          wwid SIBM-ESXSST336732LC____F3ET0EP0Q000072428BX1
    }
    
  3. Run the following commands:

    multipath -F
    multipath -v2
    

    The local disk or disks should no longer be listed in the new multipath maps, as shown in the following example.

    [root@rh4cluster1 ~]# multipath -F
    [root@rh4cluster1 ~]# multipath -v2
    create: 3600a0b80001327d80000006d43621677
    [size=12 GB][features="0"][hwhandler="0"]
    \_ round-robin 0 
      \_ 2:0:0:0 sdb  8:16    
      \_ 3:0:0:0 sdf  8:80    
    
    create: 3600a0b80001327510000009a436215ec
    [size=12 GB][features="0"][hwhandler="0"]
    \_ round-robin 0 
      \_ 2:0:0:1 sdc  8:32    
      \_ 3:0:0:1 sdg  8:96    
    
    create: 3600a0b80001327d800000070436216b3
    [size=12 GB][features="0"][hwhandler="0"]
    \_ round-robin 0 
      \_ 2:0:0:2 sdd  8:48    
      \_ 3:0:0:2 sdh  8:112   
    
    create: 3600a0b80001327510000009b4362163e
    [size=12 GB][features="0"][hwhandler="0"]
    \_ round-robin 0 
      \_ 2:0:0:3 sde  8:64    
      \_ 3:0:0:3 sdi  8:128
    

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